The youth of the country are always in a rush to find better career choices or opportunities in their respective fields by which they always find enough chances of growth and salary increment periodically.


Career choices
Career choices


So, career choices are proven out to be a very difficult decision for any youngsters who is planning for their bright future in any stream or field.





  • Those students who have reached the last lap of formal education, it is time for them to make a definite career option for them.


  • Everybody should know about their area of interests, talents and skills and those students who have these qualities, they are looking forward to making their career choices according to their goal.


  • Everybody wants a career in which they get the handsome salary, learning skills and opportunities of growth periodically.


  • At every interval of time in your career struggle, you will face the problem of making a decision on relevant career choices and make your way on the track continuously.


  • So here we will go to discuss some very important factors which will help you to make all your decisions on career choices in a different phase of your struggle.


  • A fine understanding of your academic performance including specific skills is very important in all your career choices.


  • It helps an individual decide whether a particular field is suitable to their qualification and qualities.


  • Skills in the sense one should be comfortable with good communication, creativity, logical thinking to achieve something better in their career.





  • In this highly competitive world, most of the students still not able to work beyond the bookish knowledge.


  • They do not want to go through some internship level practical experience before making their career choices.


  • Internships help in getting practical experience which all the multinational companies prefer and also recruit such students quite easily on the basis of their relevant internships.


Skills & Aptitude in making career choices


  • Skills and Aptitude are two most important factors through which student make their career choices irrespective of their academic performances.


  • In this technological world, all the top most multinational companies demand those employers having some specialized skill sets. All this require only one factor that is curiosity and interests.


As Einstein says: “I have no special talents, I am only passionately curious.”


  • The trend of education nowadays depends on the theoretical education rather than practical experience besides the fact that theoretical education is only memory based and the top MNC’s today do not want geniuses but practical men, employers who have some hand on skills of any relevant field.


  • However, skills comprise both hard skills and soft skill like Good communication skills, personality development, management and behavioral skills.


Creative and Calm thought process


  • Your thought process for making any career choices should be creative and working approach should be out of the box which is only be achieved by overcoming from your comfort zones.


  • It empowers you to to do something new each day and shortens your path towards real success.

Research on Career choices



  • Background research and relevant preparation is must required before making any career choices.


  • There are many sources around you by which you can do preparation and research on a particular field like Newspaper Job openings articles which has enough career growth, the Internet, Government Job opening alerts, private career counseling etc.


Resume and Cover Letter


  • A Resume is a document which shows your educational qualification and Experience.


  • This also includes your career objective, extracurricular activities, projects, personal information awards and references

Aptitude test


In the selection process, most of the MNC’s use Aptitude tests online to filter out unsuitable applicants and select a disserving candidate.


Group Discussion and Interview


  • Group Discussions is the next stage after gone through an Aptitude test.


  • Here recruiter judges a candidate on the basis of its unique viewpoints, openness to different opinions and your group dynamics.


  • Topics in the GD are related current affairs. Your body language and presentation quality will take you a lo0ng way in getting selected for any interview.


Automated Recruitment


A new technology is nowadays Is in the trend for the recruiters to appoint any candidate. Online application is scanned using an algorithm traits and skill sets.


Recruitment on social networks


  • Social media playing a very important role in the recruitment of best candidates as digital platforms are highly active nowadays with the advancement of technology.


  • Making and uploading your resume and showcasing about your qualification and abilities on social media becomes the latest way of selecting any candidate by only monitoring these documents online by the top recruiters sitting way far from them and selects top employers by only notifying them by sending call letter in the form of the newsletter through e-mail.


Some tips for making career choices



  • A person should be open minded and adaptable to every changing scenario in the world of business and competition.


  • A person should be active on Social media and get career.


  • Counseling from various sources available on the internet.


  • Enhance qualities like leadership, emotional intelligence and creativity are to be cultivated separately.


  • Digital literacy and right mindset are required for making right career choices for any individual.

(Reference- ManoramaYear Book-2017)

GST-A step towards Balance Economy

GST- A Step towards Balance Economy


The GST (Goods and services tax) is a single indirect tax which includes most  of the central and state taxes such as:



  • Value Added Tax  (VAT)
  • Excise duty
  • Service tax
  • Central sales tax
  • Additional customs  duty
  • Special additional duty of customs.


On  8th  of  August 2016, GST bill was passed by the  parliament circulated to state government for its formal sanction process.

Before this on September 8, the president of India Mr. Pranab Mukherjee  gave special attention to the constitution Amendment  bill  on Goods and service tax.

To bring out the idea of a major step towards rolling out the new regime of Indirect tax, the Goods and service tax bill will going to come into effect  from 1st April 2017 by the government of India.

After  the GST regime come into act, the tax-rate, cess and Surcharges  on different product or services will be decided by a body called GST council.


Goods and service tax bill needs the support of Legislative assemblies of at least 50% of the states ,for it to be sanctioned  in the constitutional  amendment .

After the ratification of the bill by at max 17 states, (BJP rulers Asom had been given the first priority) the Goods and service tax bill was sent to the presidents’ secretariat.

The contribution of other states in passing the Goods and service tax bill includes the legislation of following 16 states:

  • Bihar
  • Jharkhand
  • Chattisgarh
  • Himachal Pradesh
  • Gujarat
  • Madhya Pradesh
  • Delhi
  • Nagaland
  • Maharashtra
  • Haryana
  • Sikkim
  • Mizoram
  • Telangana
  • Goa
  • Odisha
  • Rajasthan

The Goods and service tax bill was specially attended by the president India Mr Pranab Mukherjee due to which government will notify the GST council which will decide on the tax rate

The GST council will be headed by the Union Finance Minister Mr Arun Jetly  and the council will comprise state finance ministers.


In the winter session of the Parliament, the central GST, State GST , Integrated GST laws will going to be drafted by the state and centre who are working overtime for this motive and also talking to the different Stake holders for the drafting of Goods and service tax bill.


  • On the basis of model Goods and service tax law, the central GST and integrated GST will be drafted.

  • State Goods and service tax laws will be drafted by the states with minor variations incorporating state based exemptions

  • Finally on the basis of inter-state movement of goods & services, the integrated GST law will be drafted.


The tax system which are currently followed in central and state level is VAT (value added tax)

But, the central VAT or CENVAT mechanism extends tax set offs only against central excise duty and service tax paid up to the level of production.

CENVAT  or Central  VAT  does not extend to value addition by the distributive trade below the stage of manufacturing, even manufacturer cannot claim set off against other central taxes such as additional excise duty and Surcharge.

In the same way, VAT (value added tax) only covers sales. Seller can claim credit only against VAT  paid on previous purchases.

The VAT does not include a host of other taxes imposed within the states such as entertainment and luxury tax etc.



After the arrival of Goods and service tax regime, all the central and state level taxes and levies on all goods and services will be included within on integrated tax having two bodies

  • Central Goods and service tax.
  • State Goods and service tax.

This will turn out to be a continues mechanism of tax system which also ensure complete and comprehensive system of tax credits.

After the arrival of Goods and service tax regime, the tax will be levy only on value addition of each stage, with the manufacturer or seller at every stage able to set off his taxes against the central/state Goods and service tax paid on his purchases.

The end consumer will bear only the Goods and service tax charged by the last dealer in the supply chain with the set off benefits of all previous stages.

(Reference: By the article on Manorama Year Book 2017 and Times Of India)




join indian navy
join Indian navy


Youngsters of the country will find a great career opportunity in Indian Navy. To join Indian navy candidate gets recruitment in following roles:


  • Military
  • Diplomatic
  • Constabulary
  • Benign
  • Military role
Join Indian navy
Join Indian navy


In all above the roles, Military role is the most prominent role for the person who is willing to join Indian navy. It ensures security to the coastal region and it is active all the time to serve the coastal area and ready to defeat all maritime threats.


Indian navy offers a fine career opportunity for our youngsters who are eligible to join Indian Navy and ready to serve the force in different branches.


Join Indian navy
Join Indian navy
  • Executive Branch
  • Engineering Branch
  • Electrical Branch
  • Education Branch


Further, we will discuss all these branches of India Navy in details which will definitely help you to join Indian navy and understand its criteria and skills required in each of these branches separately.




To join India navy in the executive branch, the officers are given responsibility to Command the ships, submarines, and Aircraft.


It is necessary that only those officers who are going to the ship exercise command of the ships. India navy has the responsibility to train officers of this branch for war as effectively as possible which will result in prevention of their own as well as the workplace.


The officers of Executive branch can specialize in:


Join Indian navy
Join Indian navy


  • Gunnery and Missiles
  • Anti-submarine warfare
  • Navigation and direction
  • Aviation
  • Communication
  • Submarine
  • Hydrography
  • Diving


Some other cadres of Executive branch are Law, Air, Traffic control, Naval Armament Inspection and Logistics.

Engineering Branch:


To join India navy in Engineering branch, the officers have the responsibility to keep all the systems like the modern ship, submarines, aircraft etc in running condition.

If one will get the opportunity to join India navy then the chances of work in store jobs in the naval dockyard and indigenous production unit will also exist for such candidates.

Only Indian navy holds such forms of opportunity for Engineers to work in these critical areas and no other Engineering sectors in the country hold such forms of field experience.

Electrical Branch


To join Indian navy in Electrical branch, there is a vital role of warship equipment managing and it’s controlling.

It is a mini floating city with an integral power generation and distribution system.

The parts which form the warship equipment, handled by the electrical engineering are complex missile systems, underwater weapons, radar and radio communication equipment.

All these are either computer based or computer aided and based on latest trends in electrical engineering.

The major responsibility of an electrical engineer is to maintain all this equipment working at peak efficiency for a ship to fight effectively.

Education Branch


This branch is the most important branch in the training of Indian navy.

Here, officers play a very important role and to join Indian navy in Education branch one should specialize in oceanography and meteorology and some executive branch specialization is also needed.

They are responsible for scientific and methodical instructions and also have the theoretical knowledge of technical subjects of all branches of the Indian navy and general education as well.


Join Indian navy
Join Indian navy


Women to join Indian Navy


Join Indian navy
Join Indian navy


women also have the equal challenge and opportunity in Indian navy. women too can learn new skills and gain more experience in Indian navy.

To join Indian navy women should qualify and eligible to apply for short service commission in Law, ATC, Education naval architecture, pilot, Logistics, Observer and NAI entries.
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Demonetization means an Act of scrapping the legal tender status of a currency note.




  • To Curb black money/corruption.
  • To discourage Cash system.
  • To combat inflation.

Demonetization is not a new concept to the world, as there have been many instances of demonetization in the recent past.

A year ago in 2015, the Zimbabwean dollar is demonetized by its government to control the hyper inflation in the country.

When European Union and its members adopted Euro in 2002. Government fixed the rate of exchange for varied national currencies into Euros and demonetized the old currencies.

In India also, the it took place in the year 1946 and 1978 when the government had demonetized high value currency notes of Rs 5000 and Rs 10000.


Due to this policy, the sectors like agriculture, real estate, fishing etc. have been deeply affected. However it is called as a short term scenario by the experts and this move will give positive long term consequences.



To bring the economy on track again, the government is promoting cashless economy.


  • NDA government announced Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana in 2014 to increase the financial inclusion of those who never had an account in a bank. Under this scheme, 250 million bank accounts have been opened in two years.


  • World Bank report says that In 2014 Bank account penetration in India was just 53%, out of which only 15% users used their accounts to make or receive payments.


  • According to RBI reports bank branches increased by 5% per year but ATM’s , debit cards and card swiping machines have doubled in four years and online transactions have grown 20 times in six years to 2016.




All above points are the facts by which India is shifting towards Cashless economy.








As discussed above demonetization promotes cashless economy, where major transactions are done through cards or digital payments, the physical application of currency remains under control due to which the chances of bulk amount of transactions becomes low.


Many multinational E-commerce companies accept cash in India, the only country in the world where the COD “cash on delivery” is still in use due to which 70% online transactions are via COD. This  policy will put the cash economy out of gear in the hope to engage more and more people into the cashless economy.


Multinational ventures like Paytm registered over 25 million transactions worth over Rs 150 Crore within a week when this policy was announced by the Prime Minister. Daily downloads of e-wallet Mobikwik increased  by 40%.


The sectors which are mainly digitally focused like Amazon, flipkart, online grocery business  have started earning higher income and making more and more profits. Now even some small street vendors  have started accepting digital payments through mobile wallets and swipe machines.


Cashless economy will results in following benefits:




  • Clean and more transparent business transactions and money transfer.


  • Demonetization leads to cashless economy which will reduce the black money in India as it is more transparent and easily trackable.


  • This will reduce money laundering due to its transparency and feature of easy traceability of transactions.


  • Improves environment for foreign investments.


  • Control on the fake currency.


  • This policy has unlocked the world of immense opportunities and has increase the speed of massive shift in every sector of the economy specially e commerce.

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