How to Build Career in Radiology?

By | May 8, 2017
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In this Article, we will discuss How to build career in Radiology. Also, the discussion will be on skills required to become a Radiologist, various  job opportunities available in Radiology department and the List of Institution which provide Radiology courses across the country.

to make career in Radiology

to make career in Radiology


Before having a discussion on all these topics, first let us know:

What is Radiology?


to make career in Radiology

to make career in Radiology

“ Radiology is a branch of medicine that deals with radiant energy in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and disorders”

(Source: Nidhi Prasad/Employment News/Volume-5)

To build career in Radiology, one has to do specialize course in Radiology field after that the doctor holds the designation of a “Radiologist”.


What is the main function of a ‘Radiologist’?

The main function performed by a radiologist is to diagnose the ailment and diseases of the internal and hidden parts of the body by using the X- rays and Fluoroscopy technology.

A radiologist uses the following technology to identify the causes of illness and treatment of those diseases that requires reduction medicine. These are:

to make career in Radiology

to make career in Radiology

  • Ultrasound (Sonography)
  • CT scan (Computer technology)
  • MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging)
  • Angiography
  • PET (Positron Emission Tomography)

The diagnosis process is carried out with the “Radiography” that provides body tissue images, bones, and organs for the Doctors who successfully involves in the treatment of these body diseases and injuries.


How to build career in Radiology?


to make career in Radiology

to make career in Radiology

The X-ray is discovered by Wilhelm Roentgen in 1895. Today, a career in Radiology has been exponentially increasing and is one of the most favorite fields in the medical field that has been chosen by the most of the medical graduates for the post graduation course.

To build career in Radiology, one has to make a choice between the two career options in Radiology:


Diagnostic Radiography:

The main responsibilities of the diagnostic Radiography are:

a. Explaining the procedure to the patients

b. Make patients ready for testing and operating the machines.

c. Records and Equipment maintenance

d. Involves in assisting the physicians for Myelograms (an exam for injuries, Cysts or tumor detection in the spinal cord)

e. Also, involves in assisting Surgeons in the operating room with portable X-ray machines.


Therapeutic Radiography:

to make career in Radiology

to make career in Radiology

This technique is used in the treatment and diagnosis of many diseases including the 3 major diseases:

  • Cancer
  • Tumors
  • Ulcers

“A Therapeutic Radiography uses radiation in highly controlled conditions in the treatment of tumor”. The exact amount of radiation can shrink a tumor.

  • (Source: Nidhi Prasad/Employment News/Volume-5)


Eligibility required for becoming a Radiologist


to make career in Radiology

to make career in Radiology

To build career in Radiology, one has to hold the following Eligibility:

a. Basic MBBS qualification

b. Degree/diploma course in Radiology (10+2 or equivalent with 50% marks in Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics)

c. MBBS qualified doctors can opt for MD/DNB in radiology after qualifying in postgraduate NEET entrance examination.

d. Research is necessary during MD/DNB courses, apart from regular academic studies.

e. One can opt for three-year senior residency and sub-specialist training, after which they can practice as Radiologist.


12 specializations, from which a Radiologist has to choose one or more of the following career options:

to make career in Radiology

to make career in Radiology

  • Breast Specialization
  • Cardiac Specialization
  • Gastrointestinal Specialization
  • Head and Neck Specialization
  • Musculoskeletal Specialization
  • Nero-radiology Specialization
  • Oncological Specialization
  • Paediatrics Specialization
  • Radionuclide Specialization
  • Thoracic Specialization
  • Uro-gynaecological Specialization
  • Vascular Specialization
  • One can do 3-year BSc course in Radiology and Radiotherapy
  • One can also go for 2-year diploma course for medical technicians


  • (Source: Nidhi Prasad/Employment News/Volume-5)


Top 10 Skills require ‘to build career in Radiology’:


to make career in Radiology

to make career in Radiology

  • Intellectual and analytical skills.
  • Ability to work both as an Individual and with the team of medical specialists.
  • Excellent Communication Skills.
  • Critical thinking.
  • Great observation power.
  • Abilities to keep and maintaining records.
  • Passionate about patient’s treatment and diagnosis.
  • Ability to understand patient’s anxieties and problems.
  • Good machine handling and technical abilities.
  • Regular learning and Improvement skills.


Job opportunities in Radiology:


to make career in Radiology

to make career in Radiology


a. After specialization in any field, one attains a designation of Radiographers, Radiotherapist, X-ray technician and ECG technician. They have the fine job opportunities in Hospitals, Clinics, Private Nursing homes, Public Health Organization, Research institutions, Pharmaceutical concerns and other departments say X-ray and Ultrasound departments.

b. Choose a teaching career and also go for Nuclear medicine and Research.

c. Nursing homes, hospitals, diagnostic centers, super-specialists hospitals.

d. Defense Forces and Private practices.


Top 7 field activities performed by radiologists:


tto make career in Radiology

to make career in Radiology

a. Carry out investigation techniques and treatments such as X-rays, Ultrasound scans, chemotherapy, radioactive isotopes and hormone therapy.

b. During testing, the patients are recommended to be at rest and make them understand the whole process of testing.

c. Analyze and interpret test results and decide to start a diagnosis process as early as they can.

d. They invite host medical specialists and professionals work only with them.

e. They also work in private hospitals, the private organization such as armed forces and special testing centers.

f. Regular updates on the advancement of diagnosis reports of the patients through medical imaging.

g. They keep motivating the patients throughout their recovery and those who are suffering from the severe disease like cancer or another terminal disease; they work continuously with their treatment.

(Source: Nidhi Prasad/Employment News/Volume-5)


List of Institution which provides Radiology Courses in India:

  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) Delhi
  • Armed Forces Medical Colleges (AFMC) Pune
  • JIPMER College Puducherry
  • Maulana Azad Medical College (MAMC) Delhi
  • Lady Hardinge Medical College (LHMC), Delhi
  • Madras Medical College, Chennai.
  • Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh
  • Seth GS Medical College (KEM Hospital), Mumbai
  • Grant Medical College and Sir JJ Group of Hospitals, Mumbai.
  • Kasturba Medical College (Mangalore & Manipal)


(Source: Nidhi Prasad/Employment News/Volume-5)


The radiology sector is growing continuously is the medical field. The tools like Radiograph, Radiotherapy, and radiation medicine have become very important in the treatment and diagnosis of different kinds of injuries and diseases.

Hence, it is very beneficial for any MBBS (or other equivalent courses) graduates “to build career in Radiology” department as the future prospects for this fields is very bright and the main reason behind this is the demand of professional and technical workers in healthcare is growing continuously across the country.



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